Recognized for their exuding glossy green foliage and overall tropical feel, dracaena plants, especially the dracaena marginata, are famous among plant enthusiasts in the United States for various reasons.
The long, narrow leaves of the dracaena marginata (aka Madagascar dragon tree) make it a stunning houseplant. To survive, it should be provided with indirect sunlight, ranging from mild to bright.
Even though the Madagascar dragon tree can endure low light circumstances, its development is significantly stunted. Thus, it is preferable to position the plant next to the east-facing window.
Here, we have talked in detail about the sunlight requirements of Madagascar Dragon Trees and what you need to look out for when you keep one of these fantastic plants in your home.
Madagascar Dragon Tree – Light Requirements
The process of photosynthesis cannot occur without proper light; therefore, just like the Madagascar dragon tree or Dracaena marginata, many plants’ growth is dependent on sunlight exposure.
Even indirect sunlight, such as that transmitted via window glass, is too harsh for the dracaena marginata. If exposed to direct sunlight, the light-sensitive leaves of the dragon plant will burn.
Foot candles, sometimes referred to as one lumen per square foot, are used to quantify the amount of light present. The intensity of sunlight available outside may vary, depending on the weather (ft-c).
It is unhealthy for the Madagascar dragon tree to be exposed to direct sunlight via a window since the temperature is often between one thousand and eight thousand Fahrenheit degrees (ft-c).
Generally, the plant grows well in mild to bright and indirect light. Nevertheless, be careful to adjust the portable light meter to read foot candles so you can accurately measure the light in each room.
The Role of Light in Madagascar Dragon Tree’s Health
You know that all plants require light, but have you ever thought about why? In a nutshell, sunlight is necessary for plants to create food—the scientific name for this process is photosynthesis.
While photosynthesis is complex, we’ll boil it down into a simple equation: dracaenas take in carbon dioxide and water and utilize the sun’s energy to transform these inputs into glucose and oxygen.
After that, the glucose molecules are used to produce other molecules and power processes such as breathing. All of this highlights the fact that for dracaena marginata to exist, they need light.
However, light demands differ amongst various dracaenas. An obscene amount of light, too much light, or the wrong kind of light may all be detrimental to the health of the Madagascar dragon tree.
Common Light Terminology
Keeping this in mind, properly understanding the many types of light is beneficial. You can run across the following terminology when reading various manuals on how to care for dracaenas.
|Bright Direct Light||West-Facing Windows|
|Bright Indirect Light||South-Facing Windows|
|Extremely Low Light||Without Windows|
|Medium-Light (Bright/Low)||North-Facing Windows|
When objects, like tree canopies or curtains, are placed between a dracaena marginata or the Madagascar dragon tree and the sun, the light that reaches the plant is said to be filtered.
The term “Bright direct light” refers to conditions in which there is unobstructed exposure to sunlight for at least six hours daily.
“Indirect light” implies that the light must first reflect off other surfaces before reaching the Madagascar dragon tree or Dracaena marginata.
In contrast, the term “direct light” denotes that the sun’s UV rays can penetrate the plant without being obstructed.
In addition to the type of light, it’s essential to consider the density. In certain regions of the United States, the light may be rather strong for the first two hours of the day and then gradually decrease.
Typical Light Conditions of Madagascar Dragon Tree in Native Habitats
The islands of Madagascar and Mauritius in the Indian Ocean are where the dracaena marginata was first discovered. They have tropical climates with bright and sunny circumstances all year round.
On the other hand, thunderstorms most often occur in these tropical regions in the afternoons during the rainy season, which means that the sun may still be shining bright in the mornings.
Signs Your Madagascar Dragon Tree is Receiving Too Much Light
If the tips of the leaves of your dracaena marginata are brown or if the leaves are curling, this may be an indication that your Madagascar dragon tree is receiving an excessive amount of sunlight.
Since the Madagascar dragon tree only has a limited capacity to regulate the sunlight they take in, the natural environment (indoors and outdoors) in which they are grown is essential.
Both too little and too much sunlight is detrimental to the plant’s overall health because they cause stress and interfere with the metabolic processes (chemical transformations within the plant cell).
When the Madagascar dragon tree or dracaena marginata does not get sufficient natural sunlight, the variegation (diversity of colors) on the new leaves that emerge from the plant vanishes.
When there is not enough light, photosynthesis cannot occur, and the plant will ultimately die from a lack of nutrients. Typically, it starts to droop, and the leaves curl up and lose their vibrant color.
While yellowing, drooping, and curling leaves indicate the plant is not receiving enough light, these conditions might also signify that your dracaena marginata is ready to be moved into a larger pot.
The Best Indoor Light Exposure for Madagascar Dragon Tree
The Madagascar dragon tree or dracaena marginata do best when kept in a position exposed to natural sunlight that is both bright and indirect for most of the day. (See chart above).
A location that faces east would be excellent, preferably within a few feet of a window but with the blinds or drapes closed to block off some of the direct light that comes in first thing in the morning.
In addition, you may also use rooms that face the south or west; however, be careful about how much direct sunlight enters the space.
If the light is too intense, diffuse it with a sheer curtain, install an awning outside the residential building, or create a screen with a leafy shrub or a small tree.
Nevertheless, when the seasons change, relocate the plant. This is because a south-facing window that provides enough light during the winter may be too bright during the summer.
Since the dracaena marginata has an upright growth habit, it does not lean in the light source direction. If the stem is leaning ever-so-slightly, you shouldn’t worry about rotating the pot regularly.
Frequently Asked Questions
Finally, this brings us to the end of this article. As a bonus, we’ve taken some time to answer some burning questions about dracaena marginate’s light requirements.
Can Madagascar Dragon Tree Live in Low Light?
Yes, they certainly can, but if the amount of light they get is too low constantly, they will either cease developing or produce short, stunted leaves, lose their variegation, and become yellow.
To thrive, dracaena marginata must be provided with indirect light that ranges from mild to bright.
Can Madagascar Dragon Tree Tolerate Full Sun?
Dragon trees may thrive enormously when grown outside in warm settings, which is analogous to their natural home.
However, temperatures and light intensity levels may become dangerously high for plants cultivated inside if the sun shines straight through a window for an extended period.
How to Know If Madagascar Dragon Tree is Getting Enough Light?
A happy dracaena marginata or Madagascar dragon tree has vibrant, variegated leaves that are spotless and devoid of any fading or browning.
If the leaves or edges turn brown, they’re receiving excessive light. On the other hand, the light is not enough if you see them yellowing.
What Kind of Light Does Madagascar Dragon Tree Need?
It should be OK to place the Madagascar dragon tree just a few feet away from a window that faces south or east.
The plant requires indirect light rather than direct sunlight, which may cause harm to the plant’s leaves. If the inside of the home receives just a modest light, invest in a grow light.
How Fast Does Madagascar Dragon Tree Grow?
Even though it grows very slowly, the dragon tree always puts forth new leaves and casts off the old ones. It may grow to a height of up to eight feet when kept indoors.
Fertilize using indoor plant food once or twice a month during the spring and summer. In addition, foliar feeds the plant year-round.
The Dragon Tree, also known as Dracaena marginata, is a classic houseplant renowned for its eye-catching look and characterized by its long, striped leaves that emerge from thick stems.
The Madagascar dragon tree needs a medium to bright, indirect sunlight to grow indoors. It does not thrive well in low-light circumstances, and the leaves will be charred if exposed to direct sunlight. Considering individuals’ busy lives in the United States, investing in dracaena marginata (aka Madagascar dragon tree) is a safe bet since it is very low maintenance and has a stunning appearance.
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Hi! I’m Sophia, and I love plants – especially an expert in growing house plants. I stay in Chicago, United States of America, and through my blog and social media platforms, provide tips and tricks on how to grow healthy, vibrant plants indoors. Check out more here.